Real Property Appraisals: A PrimerAcquiring a home can be the most important transaction most may ever consider. It doesn't matter if it's where you raise your family, a seasonal vacation home or one of many rentals, the purchase of real property is an involved transaction that requires multiple parties to make it all happen.
Most people are familiar with the parties having a role in the transaction. The most recognizable person in the transaction is the real estate agent. Next, the mortgage company provides the money necessary to finance the deal. Ensuring all requirements of the transaction are completed and that a clear title transfers to the buyer from the seller is the title company.
So what party makes sure the value of the property is in line with the amount being paid? In comes the appraiser. We provide an unbiased opinion of what a buyer could expect to pay - or a seller receive - for a property, where both buyer and seller are informed parties. A professional Ohio licensed appraiser from Gallagher Appraisals will ensure you as an interested party are informed.
Appraisals begin with the inspectionOur first responsibility at Gallagher Appraisals is to inspect the property to determine its true status. We must physically view features, such as the number of bedrooms and bathrooms, the location, and so on, to ensure they indeed exist and are in the shape a typical buyer would expect them to be. The inspection often includes a sketch of the house, ensuring the square footage is correct and illustrating the layout of the property. Most importantly, we identify any obvious amenities - or defects - that would have an impact on the value of the property.
Next, after the inspection, we use two or three approaches when determining the value of the property: sales comparison and, in the case of a rental property, an income approach.
Cost ApproachThis is where we analyze information on local construction costs, the cost of labor and other elements to calculate how much it would cost to replace the property being appraised. This figure usually sets the maximum on what a property would sell for. It's also the least used method.
Paired Sales AnalysisAppraisers can tell you a lot about the neighborhoods in which they work. We innately understand the value of particular features to the residents of that area. Then, the appraiser looks up recent transactions in close proximity to the subject and finds properties which are 'comparable' to the subject in question. By assigning a dollar value to certain items such as upgraded appliances, extra bathrooms, an additional living area, quality of construction, lot size, we adjust the comparable properties so that they are more accurately in line with the features of subject.
Valuation Using the Income ApproachA third method of valuing a property is sometimes used when a neighborhood has a measurable number of renter occupied properties. In this case, the amount of revenue the real estate produces is factored in with other rents in the area for comparable properties to determine the current value.
Arriving at a Value ConclusionCombining information from all applicable approaches, the appraiser is then ready to document an estimated market value for the subject property. The estimate of value at the bottom of the appraisal report is not always what's being paid for the property even though it is likely the best indication of a property's market value There are always mitigating factors such as the seller's desire to get out of the property, urgency or 'bidding wars' that may adjust the final price up or down. But the appraised value is often used as a guideline for lenders who don't want to loan a buyer more money than they could get back in the event they had to sell the property again. The bottom line is: An appraiser from Gallagher Appraisals will help you discover the most fair and balanced property value, so you can make wise real estate decisions.